"The Wonder Of It All" - Mark 12:1-12

STUDY QUESTIONS

  1. Why do you think Jesus uses a parable to confront the religious leaders concerning their attitude and conduct?
  2. In what way does the parable of the vine-growers speak to the issue of the authority?  The authority of the religious leaders?  The authority of Jesus?
  3. In what way does the parable describe the long history of Israel's resistance to the will of God?  What does the owner's patience reveal about God?
  4. In what way is Israel a vineyard created by God?
  5. What was the fruit or return God had a right to expect from Israel?
  6. Given that the owner is God Himself, what through this parable can we learn about His sovereignty, authority, grace, love, righteousness, and judgment?
  7. How does this parable answer the assertion that God is love so He would never judge?
  8. Who do the vine-growers represent?  The Owner's slaves?  The Owner's Son?
  9. What would make the owner think that his son would be treated any differently than the servants that had been sent before him?
  10. Why did the vine-growers think that if they killed the heir the vineyard would be theirs?  What is an heir?
  11. What does it mean that they "took him, and killed him, and threw him out of the vineyard"? 
  12. What does the owner do to the vine-growers and why is his actions thoroughly justified and absolutely righteous?
  13. Why does the owner give the vineyard over to new tenants (vine growers)?  Who are these new vine-growers?  What does He expect from them?
  14. Explain how this parable speaks to the Scripture Jesus refers to in verse 10 and 11?
  15. Who is the stone that was rejected?  What is a cornerstone?  Why is it important?
  16. What does it mean that this stone that was rejected by the builders became the chief cornerstone?  Who are the builders?
  17. Why is all of this "marvelous in our eyes"?  Who is the "our" in this verse?
  18. What did the religious leaders understand about the parable and what action did they want to take because of it?  Why did they not act?
  19. What is the message of this parable for today?
  20. What have you learned from this passage and what are you going to do with what you now know?

Cross References:

  • Isaiah 5:1-7
  • 1 Peter 2:4-10
  • 2 Peter 3:9
  • Psalm 145:8
  • Matthew 21:43
  • John 15:8, 16
  • Matthew 28:18–20
Benjamin Steiner